Short Story About Sand.

How many different types of sand can you find on our planet?

Quick answer: Nobody Knows because there is no such thing as an official scientific classification. In simple English: big pieces of rock get broken into little pieces of rock. When they reach a certain size, we call them sand. This is a heterogeneous mixture because it is a granular substance composed of small particles of rocks or minerals, which does not stick to anything, including other particles, but very easily absorbs water because its own particles have pores in them.

Appalachian Trail-Vernon, NJ

Sand mixed with clay and silt- Appalachian Trail-Vernon, NJ

The primary component is quartz, or silica because they are super stable – other minerals weather into clays, dust, or dissolve completely creating clay or silt.

Quartz is both highly resistant to weathering and hard enough to resist being ground into dust and can be found in almost every sedimentary rock.

Silica minerals makeup approximately 12 percent of the Earth’s crust and are second only to the feldspars in mineral abundance.

Wind and water are the primary agents responsible for creating sand. Because it is easily transferred by nature, it can be found far from its point of creation. Its composition directly affects tint, sand can be very colorful because includes various rock, coral, shell or lava fragments.

Most of us are familiar with tan, orange, yellow and red colors but the range of color shades that occur globally is almost limitless. New Jersey has a unique geological history that began shaping the region as long ago as 1 billion years in The Proterozoic Era.

The Northern part of  New Jersey, Highlands is the most ancient part of the state, making them the oldest rocks in New Jersey. We can find there large layers of earth’s crust slowly uplifted and exposed to erosion, which produced many areas with deposits left by glacial-melt water streams during the last ice age about 17,000 to 20,000 years ago. As a result, in northern and central Highlands of  New Jersey sand and gravel pits have been established since 1800’s century at numerous locations, this is Sparta Block main source for sand and gravel.

The Southern part of New Jersey, that is mostly landform settlement with vast deposits of unconsolidated sedimentary mineral material created by ocean erosion, movement of tectonic plates, deposited due to wave action for thousands of years. This is the main source of our yellow and white mason sand screened and washed to make sure, that a residue of salt water is completely eliminated.

Sparta Block carries a large variety of bulk and bagged sand. We stock many different types of that product for your construction and landscape design needs at always low prices. Our main focus is masonry and concrete sand. We are one of the largest supplier of this material in northern New Jersey.

Masonry sand has a maximum particle size of 3/16 inch (4.75 mm), which could mean that it is a nearly ideal for many base coats, and particularly for lime and cement-lime body coats.

In our stock customers can find various shades from yellow and white to gray of our washed masonry sand.

It is a cost-effective alternative to all-purpose sand, which can be used on playgrounds, volleyball courts, gunite swimming pools, is also supplied for the production of concrete paving stones, concrete blocks, precast stones or mixed with Portland cement can make different types of mortar.

Washed concrete sand is also used in either ready-mix concrete or hot mix asphalt plants. Large construction projects, as well as homeowners, can benefit buying our products  in bulk or bags.

We also carry polymeric sand. It is a granular material combined with high-tech polymers inserted between the joints in pavers or slates, stone patios, walkways, and driveways. Its primary function is to improve the interlock and therefore the strength and stability of a paved surface.




Yellow Mason Sand











brown mason sand











Concrete Sand











White Sand










Polymeric Sand

Polymeric Sand